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Clare Education Centre Programmes

State of Art Report Ireland

Education in Ireland is compulsory from age 6 to 16 or until students have completed three years of second level (post-primary) education.
While there is no national provision for pre-schooling in Ireland, first level schools (primary schools) accept children on or after their fourth birthday. The typical first level school enrols pupils by age into eight year-groups or classes, ranging from junior infants to sixth class. The vast majority of schools are State funded, privately owned "all-through" schools, catering for pupils from 4 to 12years of age. The curriculum followed is a child-centred one and it allows for flexibility in timetabling and teaching methods.



The great majority of pupils transfer to second level school when they have completed the full first level course – generally at about 12 years of age. For registration in a second level school, students must be aged 12 on 1st of January in the first year of attendance.



The second level education sector comprises secondary, vocational, community and comprehensive schools. While each category of school evolved from a distinctive historical context, and have different ownership and management structures, they have a great deal in common. They are largely State funded and follow the same State prescribed curriculum and take the same State public examinations. The second level school (secondary school) span is predominantly a six-year cycle, taken by ages 12 to 18. The terminology of "lower secondary" and "upper secondary" is not used in Ireland, but the terms "Junior Cycle" and "Senior Cycle" are commonly used. Apart from internal school tests, there are two key public examinations taken by students – the Junior Certificate (age 15/16) and the Leaving Certificate (age 17/18). These are external examinations set by the State Examinations Commission. A great deal of public attention is focused on the Leaving Certificate Examination as entry to third level education is closely linked to the results achieved by students at this examination.



Third level education in Ireland is provided mainly by universities, institutes of technology and colleges of education. In addition, a number of other third level institutions provide specialist education in a number of professions such as medicine and law. Most third level education institutions are supported very substantially by the State. For young people and adults who have left education early or without adequate qualifications, second-chance and alternative programmes are available. Adult, further and community education all have a role to play in providing second-chance education opportunities, addressing skills needs and promoting equality and social inclusion.



                       






EDUCATION CENTRES



The “Education Centre” is a particular arrangement that exists within the Irish Education system. They are similar to Regional Centres or Library boards that exist in other EU countries. The principal activity of Education Centres is to organize the delivery of national programmes of teacher professional development on behalf of the Department of Education and Skills. Centres also arrange a varied local programme of activities for teachers and educators in general.



The ATECI is the umbrella organisation of the 21 full-time and 9 part-time Education Centres in Ireland. It represents the interest of the network as a whole including both part-time and full-time Directors, staff and management committees of all centres.

The executive of the Association meets six times a year but we have organised the network into a series of six regional groups. The regional groupings meet separately and work very closely together initiating collaborative projects which are often piloted and then shared with the network in general.

The association has a remit:

·         (a) to act for and on behalf of member centres on all matters of policy as agreed by centres at AGM or EGM

·         (b) to raise the profile of Centres

·         (c) to be a partner at national level in the formulation of education policy

·         (d) to provide advice and support to Committees of Management and Directors of Centres.



Clare Education Centre

Clare Education Centre, formerly known as Ennis Teachers' Centre, has, since 1972, supported the in-service needs of Clare teachers. Since August 2000, the Centre has been located in a new purpose-built complex on the Kilrush Road, Ennis. In addition to the functions noted above Clare Education Centre has, in recent years, been involved in Intercultural Projects wi Centres in European Union countries. The current RECIPE project looks at how the work of Local/Regional Education Centres can assist schools in addressing the issue of dropout. In the context of Clare Education Centre, RECIPE will investigate, how a range of interventions at Primary school level have assisted schools in creating a more meaningful and engaging curriculum. The investigation will hope to show that effective and innovative work at local level can support national initiatives preventing dropout and in fact inform national and international policy by addressing each school in its particular context.



IRELAND - THE PICTURE OF EARLY SCHOOL LEAVING



Data on early school leaving in Ireland was difficult to ascertain up to recently due to lack of data availability and inconsistent data coverage of PPSNs (Personal Public Service Numbers) on the datasets that were available. Some data however, is available. Table 1.1 and 1.2 below provide time-series figures on the number of Early Leavers from 2001/2002 to 2009/2010. The number of Early Leavers has decreased from 11,498 pupils, who were enrolled in the 2001/2002 academic year but not enrolled one year later in the 2002/2003 academic year, to 7,713 who left between enrolment in 2009/2010 and 2010/2011




Table 1.1: Number of Early Leavers -   2001/2002 to 2009/2010

Enrolled   in

but not   in

Early Leavers

2001/2002  

2002/2003  

11,498

2002/2003  

2003/2004  

10,278

2003/2004  

2004/2005  

10,313

2004/2005  

2005/2006  

10,249

2005/2006  

2006/2007  

10,158

2006/2007  

2007/2008  

10,299

2007/2008  

2008/2009  

9,085

2008/2009  

2009/2010  

8,047

2009/2010  

2010/2011  

7,713



Table 1.2: Number of Early Leavers   Classified by Sex, 2001/2002 to 2009/2010

Enrolled   in

but not   in

Males

Females  

Total   Males*

Total   Females*

2003/2004  

2004/2005  

4,121

6,192

155,217  

153,082  

2004/2005  

2005/2006  

4,125

6,124

154,118  

151,649  

2005/2006  

2006/2007  

4,216

5,942

152,370  

150,636  

2006/2007  

2007/2008  

4,597

5,702

152,113  

151,382  

2007/2008  

2008/2009  

4,170

4,915

152,288  

152,826  

2008/2009  

2009/2010  

3,857

4,190

153,269  

154,649  

2009/2010  

2010/2011  

3,690

4,023

154,722  

157,433  

*Includes   pupils in final year of senior cycle





To coordinate and to be able to provide coherent measurable drop-out rates this year (2013) a series of reports were produced by the Department of Education and Skills (DES) which tracks a cohort of school leavers one year after they leave school. Following the publication of the National Statistics Board report entitled ‘The Irish Statistics System: The Way Forward and Joined up Government Needs Joined up Data’ in December 2011, the Department of Education and Skills took the initiative to explore the potential of data matching to fill current data gaps. The tracking was carried out using data matching and was also supplemented with estimations of other destinations for which individualised data was not available.



These reports are based on a detailed analysis of the records held in the Department on students who were enrolled in DES-aided post-primary schools (on the Post-Primary Pupils Database), focusing on those pupils who were enrolled in post-primary schools in one academic year but not enrolled in one of these schools one year later. These pupils, using a unique personal identifier (a protected identifier key based on the Personal Public Service Number (PPSN)), were tracked to other data sources that were available at the time. The cohort of pupils dealt with in the report “Early leavers-what’s next” was enrolled in the 2009/2010 academic year and are termed ‘Early Leavers’ .This report focussed on the 7,713 pupils out of 257,060 students who left school before enrolling in their final year of DES-aided post-primary schools. Schools in these areas come under the aegis of DEIS (Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools). These areas have double the dropout rates of non-DEIS designated areas.

A key finding of the research shows more females consistently exit the second level system earlier than males. This contradicts the long held view that early school leaving is predominantly a male problem. Tables 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5 illustrate the current picture of early school leaving in Ireland, where they go and gender differences.



Table 1.3: Number of Pupils   Enrolled in Second-Level Schools Aided by the Department of Education and   Skills 2009/2010 and Number of Which not Enrolled 2010/2011 (Excludes Those   Enrolled in Final Year of Senior Cycle)

                                                Enrolled   in 2009/2010

                                Of   Which not Enrolled in                                 2010/2011  

                                                                                                                                i.e. Early Leavers

                                                                30th Sep 2009

                                  30th   Sep 2010

Junior Cycle

Junior   Cert. Year 1

55,547

582

Junior   Cert. Year 2

53,755

771

Junior   Cert. Year 3

52,702

1,445

Junior   Cert. School Programme Year 1



3,688



77

Junior   Cert. School Programme Year 2



3,619



143

Junior   Cert. School Programme Year 3



3,333



332

Senior   Cycle

Transition   Year Programme

28,635

1,064

Leaving   Cert. Year 1

32,534

1,996

Leaving   Cert. Applied Year 1

3,642

505

Leaving Cert. Vocational Programme Year 1

19,605

798

Total*

257,060  

7,713

*Differs   slightly from the published figures due to improvements in data quality.

*Excludes   pupils enrolled in the final year of senior cycle.

       


Table 1.4: Early Leavers - Classified by   Destination in 2010



Number

                          % of Cohort

Total   Cohort

7,713

100.0

Of which enrolled in

Post-Leaving   Cert Course (PLC)

114

1.5

FÁS   Course 2010

473

6.1

Of those remaining

Social   Welfare Activity on 31st December 2010

511

6.6

Of   those with no social welfare activity on 31st December 2010

Employment   Activity During 2010

469

6.1

Outward   Migration up to June 2010

120

1.6

Enrolled   in Education or Training Outside of the State

1,070

13.9

Estimates   for

Youthreach*  

1,941

25.2

Enrolled   in Private Educational Institutions*

1,711

22.2

Other   (includes emigration, seasonal employment abroad and all other categories)

1,304

16.9

* See   Background Notes.

       
Gender Differences in Destinations? Table   1.5: Early Leavers - Classified by Sex and Destination in 2010

                               Male

                         %

     Female

       %

Total   Cohort

3,690

100.0

4,023

100.0

Of which enrolled in

Post-Leaving   Cert. Course (PLC)

73

2.0

41

1.0

FÁS   Course 2010

172

4.7

301

7.5

Of those remaining

Social   Welfare Activity 31st December 2010

245

6.6

266

6.6

Employment   Activity During 2010~

213

5.8

256

6.4

Outward   Migration up to June 2010

63

1.7

57

1.4

Enrolled   in Education or Training Outside of the State

602

16.3

468

11.6

Estimates   for

Youthreach*  

1,155

31.3

786

19.5

Enrolled   in Private Educational Institutions*

799

21.7

912

22.7

Other   (includes emigration, seasonal employment abroad and all other categories)

368

10.0

936

23.3

~ Of those with no social welfare activity 31st December 2010.





This means that for the first time the Department of Education   and Skills has now tracked the progress of individual school leavers in   Ireland from a single year, including both those who have completed the Leaving   Certificate Examinations and those who have dropped out. The study shows that over 75% of school   leavers in 2010 have continued their education either in higher education   institutions or in training programmes, further education facilities or in   second level schools.



The response to the reports in Ireland was very positive with   many ministers confirming that our current government continues to emphasise   the importance of young people availing of educational opportunities   appropriate to them in order to equip them with the skills to enter the   workforce and secure employment in the future and value the publication of both   these reports as a valuable source of information for the future planning of   educational and training needs.



               
Regionally and Locally in Clare

Regionally



                     
    2005 Clare

   
    1384 sat Leaving     Cert and Junior Cert

   
    95.95 Sat Junior     Cert

   
    91.69 Sat Leaving     Cert

   


                     
    2006 Clare

   
    1402 sat Leaving     Cert and Junior Cert

   
    95.51 Sat Junior     Cert

   
    90.15 sat Leaving     Cert

   


Locally –

2010/11     3.5 % left school prior to Junior Cert 3.6% left   school after Junior Cert before                     upper secondary school.



The report “Early leavers-what’s next” looks at the percentage of Early Leavers from the Local Authority Area of the School they attended. Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown had the highest percentage of Early Leavers at 4.3%, followed by Carlow County Council (3.8%), Galway City Council (3.6%), Cork City Council (3.2%) and Limerick City Council (3.2%). The lowest rates were observed in the areas of Clare County Council (1.5%) and Roscommon County Council (1.7%).



Irelands National policy’s to support and focus on early school leaving:

·         DEIS (Delivering Equality of Opportunity in Schools) Programme

·         NEWB (National Education Welfare Board)

·         Schools Completion Programme (SCP)

·         Home School Community Liaison Scheme(HSCL)

o   Primary & post primary

·         Family learning projects

o   Primary, post primary & early school leavers

·         Adult Education Programme - Back to Education (BTEI)

·         Vocational Training Opportunities Scheme(VTOS)

o   Early school leavers



The Education Centre network works in collaboration with all the above initiatives and supports them at local level.



How do these work to prevent students dropping out?

DEIS (Delivering Equality of Opportunity In Schools) aspires to the concept that the education system is inclusive and enables every student to reach their potential. Education is viewed as “critical in nurturing children’s development across a range of intelligences and skills, and in laying the foundations for successful participation in adult life”.(DES, 2008, p13)

DEIS aims to challenge under-achievement in schools which can have profound consequences for children and adults in later life, not only in terms of economic uncertainty, but also in terms of well being, health, self esteem and participation in family and community life. (DES, 2008, p 10)

The challenge for the education system is to work, in partnership with others, to overcome as many of these barriers as possible in a way that is learner-centred, systematic and effective in terms of educational outcomes. (DES, 2008, p 15)

FAS in its 2009 Statement on Education and Training notes that;

Underperformance at primary level means that significant numbers of Irish children enter second level schools at a disadvantage and with a limited range of skills. The 11.5 percent of Irish people aged 18-24 who have not completed the Leaving Certificate or equivalent remains too high. There are significant concentrations of underperformance in certain locations. (NCC, 2009, p.8)

The National Skills Strategy proposes that by 2020:

  • 48 percent of the      labour force should have qualifications at National Framework of      Qualifications (NFQ) Levels 6 to 10 (Third level certificate and above);
  • 45 percent should have      qualifications at NFQ levels 4 and 5 (Leaving Cert or equivalent); and
  • The remaining      seven percent should have qualifications at NFQ levels 1 to 3 (up to and      including Junior Cert).
In order to achieve these objectives, it will require:

  • An additional 500,000 individuals      within the workforce to progress by at least one NFQ level;
  • The proportion of the population      aged 20-24 with Leaving Certificate or equivalent vocationally-oriented      programmes should be increased to 94 percent.
  • The retention rate at Leaving      Certificate needs to increase from 82 percent in 2006 to 90 percent by      2020; and
  • The progression rate to third level      education will need to increase from 55 % in 2004 to 72 % by 2020.
It goes on to state that

In order to achieve the participation targets set in the National Skills Strategy, patterns of educational disadvantage in Irish schools must be tackled. Investments in tomorrow’s labour force should begin as early in life as possible. (NCC, 2009, p.6)

What Works to Tackle Early School Leaving ?

Nationally

  • SCP core elements were evaluated and      form part of core plan nationally
    • Homework clubs
    • Breakfast clubs/school meals
    • Summer programmes
    • Transition programme
    • Behaviour support work
    • Educational support
    • Attendance tracking
    • Personal supports
    • Interagency collaboration
    • Family supports
    • Mentoring
    • After school clubs
    • Extra-curricular activities/sports


Regionally

o   Local steering committees work in an interagency method linking groups and schools and choosing core elements to deliver

o   Home links

o   Attendance monitoring

o   Educational supports

o   Behavioural supports

o   Interagency work

o   Parent educational links

o   Attendance tracking

o   In school/ out of school initiatives

o   Work in co-operation with Local Education Centres



School Completion Programme:

In Ireland the Department of Education and Skills and recently the Department of Youth and Family Affairs have responsibility for and set up designated programmes to tackle early school leaving. SCP (Schools Completion Programme) works to meet its primary aim of: “breaking the pattern of early school leaving and tackling educational disadvantage”.

SCP has adopted the following aims to govern its work:
1.         To retain young people in the formal education system to completion of the Senior            Cycle, or equivalent.
2.         To improve the quality of participation and educational attainment of targeted       children and young people in the educational process.
3.         To bring together all local stakeholders (home, school, youth, community,   statutory          and voluntary) to tackle early school leaving.
4.         To offer positive supports in primary and post-primary schools towards the             prevention of educational disadvantage.
5.         To encourage young people who have left mainstream education to return to school.
6.         To influence in a positive way policies relating to the prevention of early school     leaving in the education system.

SCP is based on a number of principles:
1.         The programme is based on the principle of partnership. Schools (primary and post-           primary), parents and relevant agencies collaborate formally through Local     Management Committees and informally through the Local Co-ordinators.
2.         The programme is young person-centred. Each targeted young person at risk of early         school leaving has supports tailor-made to suit his or her personal and academic           needs.
3.         The programme is preventative. Young people at risk of early school leaving are     supported from an early age in recognition that home, school, environmental, social   and economic factors influence the patterns of early school leaving.
4.         The programme is based on a 'bottom-up' approach. A range of supports are offered in      each cluster (project area) depending on local needs, being mindful that local factors     can influence early school leaving.
5.         The young person's inclusion in the programme is based on an agreed set of criteria            targeting those most at risk of early school leaving.
6.         A whole-school approach can be utilised in order to minimise the potential for        stigmatisation of particular young people at risk of early school leaving.
7.         Supports are offered In-school, After-school, Out-of-school and during Holiday time        in recognition of the fact that continuous support must be given to young people at   risk of early school leaving

In Clare we support over 400 students at risk of early school leaving by offering multidimensional strategies and supports
            ◌ Educational support
            ◌ Behavioural support
            ◌ Therapeutic support
            ◌ Personal/ social development programmes
            ◌ Parent work
            ◌ Holiday time supports
            ◌ Liaising with other agencies
            ◌ In school initiatives
            ◌ Out of school initiative and Alternative learning environments

o   Alternative learning opportunities



On a day to day basis this means that SCP project workers/ student support workers employed in the schools and working with school management, teachers, support workers, parents and students in ever changing and creative ways to reach our aim of breaking the pattern of early school leaving and tackling educational disadvantage. On a practical level this means ringing students if absent and making house calls if refusing to come to school or if they need support to attend; helping in the classroom by staying with and supporting the young person; working with the resource team to ensure that each student is receiving the necessary supports and, if not, applying for additional teaching hours and by offering extra classes. SCP refers students to other agencies if needed, undertakes intensive numeracy and literacy work, provides uniforms, books and pens and meets with parents. SCP also provides summer camps and after school programmes such as music, art and crafts and sports. SCP staff work with the schools by offering alternative learning and educational provisions such as the ORBITAL (Outdoor Resources Brought Into Teaching and Learning) programme and withdrawal timetables for set periods of time for students not coping or managing themselves in mainstream classes.   The local co-ordinators and project workers also work with school management on school policy to ensure that the needs of the most disadvantaged and marginalised students are heard and met.          



The current RECIPE Comenius Project aims to show that the local Education Centre has an important role to play in supporting the work of SCP at local level. This national initiative has been very successful with a retention figure of 90% announced recently (Jan. 2014) However any further gains will be hard won as we will now be looking at young people who have a chronic school attendance issue. It is well established that the decision to leave school is made well in advance of it actually happening, often while the pupil is still in primary school. RECIPE will attempt to investigate how an enhanced curriculum at Primary level will influence pupils to stay in school until completion. Clare Education Centre will work with a number of partners including Mary Immaculate College of Education , Renaissance Learning, PDST, DES and others in supporting these pupils.








Sources:

http://www.nesse.fr/nesse/activities/reports



www.cso.ie



Department of Education and Science- Early Leavers – What Next? Report on Early Leavers from Post-Primary schools – pupils enrolled in 2009/2010 and not in 2010/2011



Department of Education and Science-School Completers – What Next? Report on School Completers from Post-Primary Schools – pupils enrolled in 2009/2010 and not in 2010/2011



Department of Education and Science-Delivering Equality of education in schools. An action Plan for Educational Inclusion. May 2005.



Department of Education and Science- The School Completion Programme- Guidelines.



Department of Education and Science- School Completion Programme- Guidelines towardsBest Practice. 2005



Department of Enterprise Trade & Employment -National Skills Strategy. 2009



Department of Education and Science- Core elements of The School Completion Programme.



Department of Education and Science-A brief description of the Irish Educational System.



National Statistics Board .The Irish Statistics System: The Way Forward and Joined up Government Needs Joined up Data. December 2011.





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Contact the Centre

Clare Education Centre,
Government Buildings,
Kilrush Road
Ennis,
Co. Clare.


Phone: 353-065 684 5500
Fax: 353-065 684 2930

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Location of Clare Education Centre